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Battle of Leyte Gulf

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Battle of Leyte Gulf

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:37 pm

In June 1944 the Americans had breached Japan’s inner defensive ring and had bases that could be used by B-29 Superfortresses to bomb the Japanese home islands.

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Re: Battle of Leyte Gulf

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:38 pm

The next step was to cut Japanese supply lines by invading the Philippines or Formosa (Taiwan). The Allies didn’t have the manpower to take Formosa..

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Re: Battle of Leyte Gulf

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:40 pm

General Douglas Macarthur had championed an invasion of the Philippines ever since 1942 when he famously pronounced, “I shall return.”

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Re: Battle of Leyte Gulf

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:41 pm

The Japanese response was to attack the American landing force that was attempting to take the Philippine island of Leyte.

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Re: Battle of Leyte Gulf

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:43 pm

The Japanese Northern Force would try to lure the American forces away from Leyte. The Southern Force and the powerful Center Force would then attack the landing area.

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Re: Battle of Leyte Gulf

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:45 pm

The Northern Force successfully diverted the US 3rd fleet under the command of Admiral William Halsey. The American destroyers, “small boys,” were ordered to attack.

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Re: Battle of Leyte Gulf

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:46 pm

The Japanese Southern Force was intercepted and destroyed by the 7th Fleet Support Force; a substantial fleet of six battleships, four heavy cruisers, and four light cruisers.

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Re: Battle of Leyte Gulf

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:48 pm

Halsey’s decision to take all of the available strength of the 3rd Fleet northwards left the northern landing area guarded by 7th Fleet’s slow escort carriers and small destroyers.

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Re: Battle of Leyte Gulf

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:49 pm

The Japanese Center Force of four battleships, six heavy cruisers, two light cruisers, and eleven destroyers caught the American ships by surprise.

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Re: Battle of Leyte Gulf

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:51 pm

The destroyers’ suicidal attacks on the Center Force convinced the Japanese that they were in fact being attacked by Halsey’s 3rd fleet.The Japanese withdrew after losing four carriers, three battleships, eight cruisers, and twelve destroyers.

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Re: Battle of Leyte Gulf

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:53 pm

The Battle of Leyte Gulf was the largest naval battle in history and basically resulted in the destruction of the Imperial Japanese Navy.

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