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Battle of Moscow

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Battle of Moscow

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:54 pm

Hitler’s objective in invading the Soviet Union (Operation Barbarossa) was always Moscow. This capital city was considered to be extremely important militarily and politically.

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Re: Battle of Moscow

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:56 pm

The original Axis plan was to capture Moscow within four months after the start of the invasion of the USSR. The Axis wished to take the capital before the onset of winter.

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Re: Battle of Moscow

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:58 pm

Autumn rains and stiffened resistance slowed the Germans, but by December they were less than 19 miles from Moscow. The exhausted Red Army was saved by a terrible Russian winter, and fresh troops from Siberia, trained for winter warfare.

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Re: Battle of Moscow

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 12:59 pm

Temperatures dropped as low as 50 below zero. German troops had no winter clothing, and the Panzers were not designed to operate in such low temperatures.

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Re: Battle of Moscow

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 1:01 pm

On 5 December 1941 the Russians counterattacked and pushed the German army back.For the first time, the Germans retreated on a large scale.

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Re: Battle of Moscow

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 1:03 pm

Operation Barbarossa had failed. Hitler now faced a war of attrition, something he was bound to lose. The Germans sustained around 400,000 casualties.

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Re: Battle of Moscow

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 1:05 pm

More importantly, Hitler took personal charge of the military and set most experienced German officers against him. Hitler’s distrust of his senior officers reduced the German advantage of superior military leadership.
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