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Battle of Midway

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Battle of Midway

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:25 pm

After Pearl Harbor and the Battle of the Coral Sea, the Japanese hoped to eliminate the United States as a strategic power in the Pacific Theatre.

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Re: Battle of Midway

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:27 pm

They chose to occupy Midway Atoll to extend their defensive perimeter, and to lure the American aircraft carriers into a fight.


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Re: Battle of Midway

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:29 pm

Luckily for the Americans, they had broken the Japanese code and knew roughly where, when, and in what strength the Japanese would appear.

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Re: Battle of Midway

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:31 pm

The Japanese, on the other hand, had no real knowledge of the American’s strength or location. The Yorktown was repaired in only 72 hours, and was able to join the carriers Enterprise and Hornet for the battle.

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Re: Battle of Midway

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:33 pm

They thought they would be up against two American carriers, since the USS Yorktown was severely damaged at the Battle of the Coral Sea.

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Re: Battle of Midway

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:35 pm

They faced four Japanese carriers, but had an airfield on Midway, so the field was basically even. It was only a matter of which side discovered the other first.

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Re: Battle of Midway

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:37 pm

American B-17s from Midway found the Japanese, under the command of Admiral Nagumo, on June 3, but failed to hit any targets. On 4 June the initial attack was launched on Midway.

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Re: Battle of Midway

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:39 pm

Most American planes operating from Midway were destroyed, but Nagumo chose to attack Midway again. This wouldn’t matter because the American aircraft that would deliver the crushing blow were already on their way.

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Re: Battle of Midway

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:40 pm

They had detected a single American carrier, and decided to arm the planes with anti-ship weapons, which would take 45 minutes.


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Re: Battle of Midway

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:42 pm

A low flying American torpedo plane squadron was completely destroyed by the Japanese air patrol, but this opened the door for the SBD Dauntless dive bombers.

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Re: Battle of Midway

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:44 pm

Four Japanese carriers were sunk, and most of the veteran pilots aboard were killed. By the time the Japanese replaced their three carriers, the US had commissioned two dozen.

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