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Operation Barbarossa

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Operation Barbarossa

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:45 pm

The Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union began on 22 June 1941 and ended with the Battle of Moscow .The Soviet Union would lose 14% of its population in the war: almost 24 million people.

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Re: Operation Barbarossa

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:47 pm

The total operation involved 8.9 million combatants, over 18,000 tanks, 45,000 aircraft, and some 50,000 artillery pieces on both sides combined.

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Re: Operation Barbarossa

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:49 pm

Like Operation Overlord, Operation Barbarossa actually consisted of several decisive battles, but the numbers involved, and the fact that the Soviet Union was plunged into war,.

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Re: Operation Barbarossa

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:51 pm

When Germany invaded, the Red Army was caught completely off guard. A non-aggression pact was signed before the German and Soviet invasion of Poland.

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Re: Operation Barbarossa

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:52 pm

Both countries invaded and occupied Poland, but Hitler had always seen Russia as a source of agriculture, slave labor, oil, and other raw materials.

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Re: Operation Barbarossa

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:54 pm

Even before the Nazis concluded their conquest of the Balkans, they began to mass over 4.5 million Axis troops near the Soviet border.

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Re: Operation Barbarossa

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:55 pm

Three Army groups were formed; each assigned to capture specific regions and cities. Army Group North would attack through the Baltic States and take Leningrad.

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Re: Operation Barbarossa

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:57 pm

Army Group Center was tasked with taking Moscow, and Army Group South was to attack the agricultural heartland of the Ukraine and move eastward toward the oil-rich Caucasus.

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Re: Operation Barbarossa

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 6:59 pm

The Red Army, although numerically superior to the Germans, was dispersed, unprepared, and suffered from poor leadership.The Germans swiftly advanced across the entire front.

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Re: Operation Barbarossa

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 7:00 pm

Key battles took place at Smolensk, Uman, and Kiev. Panzer armies were able to encircle and capture three million Soviet soldiers by the time they reached Moscow.

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Re: Operation Barbarossa

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 7:02 pm

By December, they had surrounded Leningrad in the north, reached the outskirts of Moscow in the center, and occupied the entire Ukraine in the south.

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Re: Operation Barbarossa

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 7:03 pm

The Soviets held at Moscow, but not before 800,000 troops were killed, 3,000,000 wounded, and over 3,000,000 captured. 20,000 Soviet tanks and 21,000 aircraft were destroyed.

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