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Battle of Stalingrad

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Battle of Stalingrad

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 7:05 pm

The Battle of Stalingrad was the Midway of the Eastern Front. The battle was a disaster for Germany, and made victory in the East virtually impossible.

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Re: Battle of Stalingrad

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 7:07 pm

After the Red Army had prevailed at Moscow, the Eastern Front had stabilized in line running from Leningrad to Rostov near the Black Sea. Hitler was confident he could defeat them when the weather was no longer an issue.

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Re: Battle of Stalingrad

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 7:08 pm

The capture of Stalingrad was important because it was a vital transportation route between the Caspian Sea and northern Russia, and was the gateway to the oil-rich Caucasus region.

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Re: Battle of Stalingrad

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 7:10 pm

Its capture would also be an ideological victory due to the fact that Stalingrad bore the name of Joseph Stalin. By the end of August, the Germans had reached Stalingrad.


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Re: Battle of Stalingrad

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 7:11 pm

The battle began with the Luftwaffe reducing the city to rubble and rendering the River Volga, vitally important for bringing supplies into the city, unusable.


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Re: Battle of Stalingrad

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 7:13 pm

The Soviets tried to keep their front lines as close to the Germans as possible. This “hugging” tactic in an urban environment negated the German doctrine which relied on close cooperation between infantry, tanks, engineers, artillery, and aircraft.

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Re: Battle of Stalingrad

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 7:14 pm

German infantry units were forced to fight on their own, or risk taking casualties from their own supporting fire. The Soviets were able to hold onto the city until winter.

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Re: Battle of Stalingrad

Post by sujin007 on Sun Nov 18, 2012 7:16 pm

At certain points in the battle, the Germans held 90% of the city, but the Red Army counterattacked in November and were able to encircle 300,000 Axis troops.

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